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Neuroendocrinology Letters incl. Psychoneuroimmunology & Chronobiology


ISSNİ0172ñ780X Copyrightİ©İ1997 NeuroendocrinologyİLetters

NEL Vol. 18 No. 1
Original Article

1998; 18:49-58
pii: NEL182397A01


Both Melatonin and a Putative Nuclear Melatonin Receptor Agonist CGP 52608 Stimulate Glutathione Peroxidase and Glutathione Reductase Activities in Mouse Brain In Vivo
by Marta I. Pablos, Juan M. Guerrero, Genaro G. Ortiz, Maria T. Agapito and Russel J. Reiter

Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, University of Texas, The Health Science Center at San Antonio. San Antonio, TX78284-7762, U.S.A.


Melatonin is both a direct and indirect antioxidant. Thus, it scavenges a variety of free radicals and it stimulates the antioxidative enzyme glutathione peroxidase. Melatonin has been shown to enter the brain and to accumulate in the nucleus of cells. A high-affinity nuclear binding site/receptor for melatonin has been tentatively identified. Using an agonist of the putative nuclear receptor, we show here that the agonist duplicates the stimulatory effect of melatonin on cerebral and cerebellar glutathione peroxidase activity in vivo. We also report that both melatonin and the agonist stimulate glutathione reductase activity. The increases in both enzyme activities are time-dependent, but the stimulation in glutathione reductase activity is delayed compared to that of glutathione peroxidase. The results indicate that melatonin's ability to protect the brain from oxidative damage may be in part be a consequence of a receptor-mediated stimulation of neural antioxidative enzymes.


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