Updated: June 11, 2002
Neuroendocrinology Letters, Home
Vol. 22 No. 5 Contents
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Neuroendocrinology Letters incl. Psychoneuroimmunology & Chronobiology

including Psychoneuroimmunology, Neuro
Reproductive Medicine, Chronobiology
and Human Ethology
ISSN 0172–780X

NEL VOL. 22 No. 5
Invited NEL Review

recipients of the
"Zdenek Klein Award for Human Ethology"

2001; 22:309-321
pii: NEL220501R01

Full text pdf (155kb)

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Human Pheromones:
"Integrating Neuroendocrinology and Ethology"

by James V. Kohl*, Michaela Atzmueller, Bernhard Fink & Karl Grammer

*JVK Resources, Inc. Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institute for Urban Ethology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

human ethology, pheromones, odor, olfaction, human sexuality, sexual selection, mate choice

Submitted: August 6, 2001
Accepted: September 10, 2001


The effect of sensory input on hormones is essential to any explanation of mammalian behavior, including aspects of physical attraction. The chemical signals we send have direct and developmental effects on hormone levels in other people. Since we don't know either if, or how, visual cues might have direct and developmental effects on hormone levels in other people, the biological basis for the development of visually perceived human physical attraction is currently somewhat questionable. In contrast, the biological basis for the development of physical attraction based on chemical signals is well detailed.


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