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NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY LETTERS
including Psychoneuroimmunology, Neuro
psychopharmacology,
Reproductive Medicine, Chronobiology
and Human Ethology
ISSN 0172–780X


CONTENTS SPECIAL ISSUE
HUMAN ETHOLOGY & EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY
Vol. 23, December 2002

Psychopathology or Adaptation?
Genetic and Evolutionary Perspectives on Individual Differences and Psychopathology

Psychopathology or Adaptation?
Genetic and Evolutionary Perspectives on Individual Differences and Psychopathology
      [REFERENCES]

Evolutionary Psychopathology (Short Title)   

Charles Crawford & Catherine Salmon

Submitted: August 8, 2002
Accepted: September 9, 2002

Key words:
evolutionary psychology, adaptation, genetics, environment, psychopathology

REVIEW ARTICLE
2002; 23(suppl 4) :39–45
pii: NEL231002R04
PMID: 12496734

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ABSTRACT

A greater understanding of psychopathology will be found in the integration of genetic and evolutionary perspectives on adaptation and function. Evolutionary theory proposes that adaptive traits are reproduced more successfully than maladaptive ones. However, some traits, while contributing to fitness in the ancestral environment, may contribute to fitness no longer. This is known as mismatch theory. Evolutionarily informed research into various “pathologies” has yielded interesting results, some based on this theory. This paper serves to distinguish between genetic and evolutionary perspectives on psychopathology as well as to examine some recent research on the selective forces that may be implicated in psychopathy, anorexic behavior, and ADHD. We suggest that research into psychopathy in general would benefit from an evolutionary perspective and an examination of the assumptions behind past research.    

Of all the facts of life, the most important is evolution. If psychology is to take its legitimate place among the family of life sciences, it must eventually integrate its basic theories and facts with those of evolution. If we are to understand abnormal behavior, we must do so in the context of a psychology so conceived and so formulated.            Rosenthal [1]

REFERENCES

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2 Williams GC. Adaptation and natural selection. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 1966.

3 Buss DM. Evolutionary Psychology: The New Science of the Mind. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon. 1999.

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5 Alexander RD. Darwinism and human affairs. Seattle: University of Washington Press. 1979.

6 Wilson EO. Sociobiology: the new synthesis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1975.

7 Schaller G. The Serengeti lion: a study of predator-prey relations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1972.

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10 Tooby J, Cosmides L. On the universality of human nature and the uniqueness of the individual: the role of genetics and adaptation. Journal of Personality 1990; 58:17–68.

11 Symons D. If we’re all Darwinians, what’s the fuss about? In: CB Crawford, M Smith, D Krebs, editors. Sociobiology and psychology: Ideals, Issues and Applications. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 1987. p. 121–146.

12 Cosmides L, Tooby J. From evolution to behavior: evolutionary psychology as the missing link. In: J Dupre, editor. The latest on the best: essays on evolution and optimality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 1987. p. 277–306.

13 Ridley M. The red queen: sex and the evolution of human nature. New York: Penguin Books. 1993.

14 Crawford CB, Anderson J. Sociobiology: An environmentalist discipline? American Psychologist 1989; 44:1449–1459.

15 Falconer D & Mackay F. Introduction to quantitative genetics. Essex: Longman’s Group. 1966.

16 Baker RR, Bellis MA. Human sperm competition. London: Chapman & Hall. 1995.

17 Nesse RM. Evolutionary explanations of emotions. Human Nature 1990; 1:261–289.

18 Price J. The adaptive function of mood change. British Journal of Medical Psychology 1998; 71:465–477.

19 Mealey L. The sociobiology of sociopathy: an integrated evolutionary model. In: S Baron-Cohen, editor. The Maladapted mind: classic readings in evolutionary psychopathology. Hove: Psychology Press. 1997. p. 133–188.

20 Lalumiere ML, Harris GT, Rice ME. Psychopathy and developmental instability. Evolution and Human Behavior 2001; 22:75–92.

21 Thornhill R, Palmer CT. A natural history of rape: biological bases of sexual coercion. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. 2000.

22 Nesse RM, Williams GC. Evolution and healing: the new science of Darwinian medicine. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. 1995.

23 Gilbert P. Evolutionary psychopathology: why isn’t the mind designed better than it is? British Journal of Medical Psychology 1998; 71:353–373.

24 Surbey MK. Anorexia nervosa, amenorrhea, and adaptation. Ethology and Sociobiology 1987; 8:47S–61S.

25 Rosenblum LA, Coplan JD, Friedman S, Bassoff T, Gorman JM, Andrews MW. Adverse early experiences affect noradrenergic and serotonergic functioning in adult primates. Biological Psychiatry 1994; 35:221–227.

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27 Yeo RA, Gangestad SW, Edgar C, Thoma R. The evolutionary genetic underpinnings of schizophrenia: the developmental instability model. Schizophrenia Research 1999; 39:197–206.

28 Gacono C. The clinical and forensic assessment of psychopathy: a practitioner’s guide. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. 2000.

29 Hart SD, Hare RD. Performance of criminal psychopaths on selected neuropsychological tests. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 1990; 99:374–379.

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33 Quinsey VL, Harris GT, Rice ME, Cormier CA. Violent offenders: appraising and managing risk. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 1998.

34 Polivy J, Herman CP. Causes of Eating Disorders. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 2002; 53:187–213.

35 Anderson JL, Crawford CB, Nadeau J, Lindberg T. Was the Duchess of Windsor right? A cross-cultural review of the socioecology of ideals of female body shape. Ethology and Sociobiology 1992; 13:197–227.

36 Wasser SK, Barash DP. Reproductive suppression among female mammals: implications for biomedicine and sexual selection theory. Quarterly Review of Biology 1983; 58:513–538.

37 Salmon C, Crawford CB, Dane L, Zuberbier O. Reproductive suppression, body image, and dieting: the impact of female competition and stress. In prep.

38 Jensen PS, Hoagwood K. The book of names: DSM-IV in context. Developmental Psychopthology 1997; 9:231–249.

39 Depue RA, Collins PF, Luciana M. A model of neurobiology-environment interaction. In: MF Lenzenweger, JF Haugard, editors. Frontiers of Developmental Psychopathology. New York: Oxford University Press. 1996. p. 44–77.

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NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY LETTERS
including Psychoneuroimmunology, Neuro
psychopharmacology,
Reproductive Medicine, Chronobiology
and Human Ethology
ISSN 0172–780X


A peer-reviewed transdisciplinary Journal covering Neuroendocrinology, Psychoneuroimmunology, Neuropsychopharmacology, Reproductive Medicine, Chronobiology and Human Ethology for RAPID publication of Original Papers, Review Articles, State-of-the-Art, Clinical Reports, Meta-Analyses and other contributions from all the fields covered by Neuroendocrinology Letters. E-mail: info@nel.edu

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