Reproductive Medicine, Chronobiology
and Human Ethology, ISSN 0172780X
Vol.24 Nos.3/4, Jun-Aug 2003
The effects of music and visual stress on testosterone and cortisol
in men and women
articles: M. Hassler "Music
medicine. A neurobiological approach"
The effects of music and visual stress on testosterone and
cortisol in men and women
Hajime Fukui & Masako Yamashita
University of Education, Nara University of Education, Department
of Education, Takabatake, Nara City, Nara, JAPAN.
March 25, 2003
Accepted: April 29, 2003
testosterone, cortisol, listening to music, visual stress,
differences between the sexes
The aims of the present study were to examine sex-related
differences in testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) changes with
music listening and visual stress.
AND DESIGN: Saliva T and C concentrations were measured
in 88 healthy college students (44 males and 44 females).
These subjects were placed in one of 4 different conditions:
(1) 30 min of listening to music, (2) 30 min of listening
to music with visual stress (documentary film without sound
including violent scenes), (3) 30 min of visual stress without
music, and (4) 30 min of silence.
All subjects provided two saliva samples, one collected before
intervention and the other after intervention. T and C levels
were assessed by radio immuno assay (RIA).
RESULTS: There was a significant difference between the sexes
in the way music affected T. Music decreased T in males, whereas
it increased T in females. As for C, no sex-related differences
were found under any of the conditions studied. C decreased
with music and increased under other conditions.
MAIN FINDINGS: Our data suggests that the effects of music
and stress on T differ between males and females.
Further investigation is necessary to evaluate the relationships
between music and other substances, the effect of degree of
hormonal changes not only during music listening but also
during music plays and creation.
Copyright © Neuroendocrinology Letters 2003
Society of Integrated Sciences
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